Honeybees healing bacteria


Humans have used honey for the treatment of wounds since ancient Egyptian times.
There are three main factors contributing to the antimicrobial properties of honey.
First, honey has a high concentration of dissolved particles and is very acidic, which, together, result in an unfavourable environment for bacterial growth. Second, honey contains hydrogen peroxide, which is produced by the bee protein glucose oxidase. And finally, another bee protein which lends antimicrobial properties is Bee defensin-1.
Bee defensin-1 has broad-acting antimicrobial action and is produced in the bee salivary gland.
Studies have shown that honey inhibits quorum sensing, the bacterial process of using chemical messages to communicate with other bacteria, which inhibits the formation of biofilms (bacterial aggregates which adhere to each other on a surface). These properties, however, do not paint the whole picture.
A research group from Lund University in Sweden has been investigating bacteria found in the honey-producing stomach of bees. The 13 species of bacteria are all lactic acid producers and help protect the bees from harmful microbes.
The beneficial lactic acid bacteria are transferred in large amounts from the bees to fresh, raw honey. These helpful bacteria may yet be another contributor to honey’s antimicrobial properties.
These 13 lactic acid bacteria were exposed to various human wound pathogens in a petri dish culture.
The lactic acid bacteria inhibited the growth of all tested human pathogens, including the antibiotic-resistant strains methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, commonly known as MRSA, and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, known as VRE.
The individual lactic acid bacteria species do not exhibit the same degree of antimicrobial action, nor do they produce the same antimicrobial compounds.
When combined, the lactic acid bacteria have the benefit of combatting against an extensive range of pathogens.
An interesting side project the researchers undertook involved the topical application of these lactic acid bacteria. Researchers mixed the lactic acid bacteria in sterile honey and applied them to the persistent wounds of 10 horses who had been treated with a number of unsuccessful methods.
All 10 horses’ wounds healed after the topical application of this mixture.
It is important to note that this was done without proper controls, and would not constitute a proper experiment.
These results are preliminary at best, but it doesn’t make it any less exciting. The lab plans on progressing to properly controlled clinical trials in the future.
Does this mean that the next time you cut yourself you should slather a glob of honey on the wound?
Well, not quite. Not all honeys are created equally. They have different compositions, including their lactic acid bacteria proportions, which depends on factors such as nectar source and honeybee health.
Manuka honey, made from a bush native to New Zealand and Australia, is highly regarded for its antimicrobial properties. Manuka honey has the only commercially available honey with topical medical applications.
The most important thing to remember is that most honey available to us in grocery stores has been pasteurized. The pasteurization process kills almost all of the bacteria found in honey, including the beneficial lactic acid ones.
The honey used to treat the horse wounds was initially pasteurized, and then fortified with bacteria at higher levels than normal. Therefore, in this example, the healing effects observed may not be the same as if raw honey was applied.
So how does the characterization of the antimicrobial properties of these lactic acid bacteria help?
First of all, it gives scientific support to the efficacy of honey as a wound-healer.
“It seems to have worked well for millions of years of protecting bees’ health and honey against other harmful microorganisms,” explained Tobias Olofsson, head researcher at Lund University.
Honey has also been used in human healing practices for thousands of years. Alternative treatments for bacterial infections are becoming more crucial as antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria are becoming more prevalent.
Honey may be one of humanity’s options going forward, and how sweet it is.

Find your Pure Manuka Honey here.



Manuka Honey Benefits: Why We Can’t Get Enough Of This Wonder Food

circle spa lady
Manuka honey is great for improving the health of your gut and banishing bloating. ‘It can help reduce inflammation from digestive disorders, relieving abdominal discomfort and bloating. It contains a natural pre-biotic, which is important for nurturing the gut’s good bacteria, and can therefore help the digestive system rebalance itself naturally,’ says Liliana Trukawka.


Pure Manuka honey is an ideal staple to give you a buzz when you’re feeling tired. ‘The honey’s high nutrient density makes it a great natural energy booster,’ says Rick Hay.


Manuka honey has beauty benefits, too. ‘Pure, organic Manuka Honey is the perfect natural alternative for curing acne and skin infections,’ says skincare expert Malvina Fraser. ‘It’s also a natural moisturiser that improves skin hydration because it’s able to absorb moisture directly from the air and draw it into the skin.’

Here are 2 DIY Manuka honey face masks:
Moisturising Mask
‘Manuka Honey can be used on its own as a facial mask by simply applying the honey on a clean damp face,’ says Malvina Fraser. ‘However, my favourite Manuka honey mask includes coconut oil and avocado to intensely hydrate. This delicious smelling mask eradicates any dryness and leaves you with a healthy, luminous glow.’
1: Mash of an avocado in a mixing bowl and once it is smooth add 1 teaspoon of coconut oil and 1 teaspoon of Manuka honey. Mix together thoroughly.
2: With slightly damp fingers, apply the mask in a circular motion and then leave on for 15 minutes.
3: Once the mask has done its work, remove it with warm water and then proceed to splash cold water on your face to close your pores.

Exfoliating Mask

‘This exfoliating mask contains three key components: olive oil, brown sugar and Manuka honey. They are all natural and effective ingredients that intensely cleanse the pores. The olive oil is used for softening the skin, the brown sugar for a gentle exfoliation and the honey to soothe,’ says Malvina Fraser.
1: Take 1 tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil, 1 table spoon of brown sugar and 1 table spoon of Manuka honey and mix well until your scrub becomes a viscous and slightly sticky mixture.
2: Apply to a damp face for 1 to 2 minutes, concentrating on any problem areas.
3: Clean your face with warm water, and finish up with a moisturiser for a longer lasting effect.

You can also use Manuka honey to get an all-over glow:

Relaxing Bath Recipe

‘This milk and Manuka honey bath recipe is an innovative and yet classic method to get your skin glowing,’ says Malvina Fraser. ‘The unique blend serves to exfoliate and soften the skin, as the lactic acid in the milk cleanses while the honey makes skin supple.’

1: Ensure that you use full-fat milk and pure Manuka honey.
2: Pour 1 to 2 cups of milk and half a cup of Manuka honey into a running bath. Make sure that the water, honey and milk are completely mixed together before getting in.
3: For maximum results, be sure to massage your skin with a washcloth in a circular motion, before rinsing off.
Are there any downsides to using Manuka honey?
‘There are some cons to using Manuka honey,’ says nutritionist Lorna Driver-Davies from The Nutri Centre. ‘It’s expensive, and all honey is a natural form of sugar, so anyone who needs to be careful around sugar (e.g. diabetics) should be aware of this.’

Raw Honey Works Better Than Drugs for Herpes!

Mainstream physicians usually prescribe Acyclovir ointment or other topical medications to treat herpes outbreaks. But research shows that nature has a better solution. This remedy works faster than any of the mainstream treatments, and with fewer side effects.
Honey has long been regarded as one of the best natural wound healers and infection fighters. When a researcher treated patients with Acyclovir for one herpes outbreak and honey for another, overall healing time with honey was 43 percent better than with Acyclovir for sores on the lips and 59 percent better for genital sores.
According to Nutrition & Healing:
“None of the volunteers experienced any side effects with repeated applications of honey, although three patients developed local itching with the Acyclovir.”
Herpes can be broken down into two primary infections:
1. Herpes simplex (oral and/or genital herpes)
2. Herpes zoster (also known as shingles; a reactivation infection of the chickenpox virus)
In this case, the type of herpes in question is the genital type of herpes simplex. This study is a perfect example of nature’s capacity to provide answers for just about any physical ailment as genital herpes can be notoriously painful and difficult to treat.
Treating Herpes With Honey
Sixteen adult subjects with a history of recurrent labial and genital herpes attacks used honey to treat one attack, and a commonly prescribed antiviral drug, Acyclovir cream, during another. (It’s important to realize that neither the drug nor the honey will actually cure genital herpes. They only treat the symptoms.)
Interestingly, honey provided significantly better treatment results.
For labial herpes, the mean healing time was 43 percent better, and for genital herpes, 59 percent better than acyclovir.
Pain and crusting was also significantly reduced with the honey, compared to the drug. Two cases of labial herpes and one case of genital herpes remitted completely with the honey treatment, whereas none remitted while using acyclovir.
The best way to use this treatment is to first make sure that you have Manuka honey, as it will work far better than regular processed honey. My preference is Manuka honey. Make sure you find one that is a semifluid. All you need to do is apply some of the honey directly to the open sore. Apply at least four times a day, but more would likely be better as the goal is to keep it constantly bathed in the honey.
As for side effects, three of the subjects developed local itching with acyclovir, whereas no side effects were observed even with repeated application of the honey.
The researchers concluded that “topical honey application is safe and effective in the management of the signs and symptoms of recurrent lesions from labial and genital herpes.”
What You Need to Know About Honey
Honey — which was a conventional therapy for infection up until the early 20th century when penicillin took center stage — has recently started inching its way back into the medical mainstream, but it’s important to realize that not all honey is created equal.
Some kinds of honey should never be applied to an open sore or wound, and the antibacterial activity in some honeys is 100 times more powerful than in others.
Processed, refined honey that you typically find in grocery stores is NOT appropriate for use in wound care. In fact, your average domestic “Grade A” type honey will likely increase infection.
It also will not offer you the same health benefits as raw honey when consumed.
Manuka Honey from New Zealand is a specific type of honey that has actually been approved for use as a medical device, due to its healing properties and superior potency. But you could also use raw honey – it’s just not as potent as Manuka.
Good-quality honey offers several topical wound-care benefits that can explain some of its success as a remedy for herpes sores:
· It draws fluid away from your wound
· The high sugar content suppresses microorganism growth
· Worker bees secrete an enzyme (glucose oxidase) into the nectar, which then releases low levels of hydrogen peroxide when the honey makes contact with your wound
Manuka honey, however, offers additional healing benefits not found in other honeys.
Clinical trials have found that Manuka honey, made with pollen gathered from the flowers of the Manuka bush (a medicinal plant), can effectively eradicate more than 250 clinical strains of bacteria, including resistant varieties such as:
· MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
· MSSA (methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus)
· VRE (vancomycin-resistant enterococci)
· Helicobacter Pylori (which can cause stomach ulcers)
With the increasing threat of antibiotic-resistant infections and drug over-use, the return to honey as a natural, multi-purpose healing therapy is certainly a welcome alternative.
Other Natural Therapies for Herpes Infections
Aside from honey, here are a few other remedies that have also been found effective in treating herpes infections:
· Lysine (an essential amino acid)
· Vitamin C
· Aloe Vera
· Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)
· Resveratrol (a very potent antioxidant from grape seed)
· Garlic
· Lactoferrin (a potent antimicrobial protein found in colostrum)
In addition to these remedies, which all tend to work, in my experience, the two approaches that work the very best are:
1. Homeopathic herpes simplex formula — I’ve found these homeopathic formulas to be surprisingly effective. They’re also non-toxic so they’re very safe, with virtually no side effects.
2. The Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) – This is a form of psychological acupuncture without needles. By tapping on different acupuncture meridians, you can energetically resolve the emotional precedent that caused your immune system to weaken, allowing the infection to take hold. Once you get at the emotional root, your immune system tends to get reactivated, along with a number of genes that can help to resolve and heal your physical condition.
Last but not least, there’s some evidence suggesting that high doses of vitamin D can help resolve herpes infection, although I do not have personal experience with this treatment. But there have reportedly been a large number of successes with people using up to 50,000 units once a day for three days.
It would be particularly effective if you have not been taking vitamin D regularly and have not had frequent exposure to the sun.
If you’ve had your vitamin D levels tested and are within the therapeutic level, then clearly you don’t want to use this approach as you may overdose on vitamin D. However, more than likely, if you had optimal vitamin D levels you probably wouldn’t have gotten the infection in the first place.
We know vitamin D works for flus, coughs, and colds, and appears to work for most, all the typical types of viral infections – even infections like herpes.
By Dr Mercola, http://www.mercola.com | August 21, 2014


Get your Manuka Honey here www.puremanukahoney.co.uk

Natural Honey, Pure Honey, Raw Honey ~ Making Sense of Honey Labels

honey throat

Commercial honey is labelled as natural honey, pure honey, raw honey, pure natural honey… the list continues. It takes me by no surprise that honey, like any other products, is not spared from ambiguous labelling by suppliers. With so many different claims of honey on the shelf, we often land up confused and unsecure about how much authentic honey and counterfeit honey we are consuming. Here, I would like to share a few frequently asked questions on the subject from visitors of Benefits of Honey and my views regarding them.

“I see so many different claims and labels of honey in the shop. What does the term “pure honey” actually mean?”

“Pure honey” can be taken to mean “100% unadulterated honey with no other contents (for instance, water, sucrose) added”, or at least this would be what I think honey suppliers would hope how consumers read. However, to be on the critical side, I would not rule out the possibility that “pure honey” simply means “real honey” and thus the product may contain “real honey” in an unknown amount not necessarily equivalent to 100%. Whatever it is, the term “pure honey” can be ambiguous and even misleading.

Can I assume that “natural honey” means “unpasteurized honey”?

I don’t think so. While honey retailers may wish that consumers would associate or even equate the “natural honey” label with meanings of “unpasteurized honey” or “raw honey”, the fact is the “natural” label on honey does not render it any more special than other honey. Most commercial honey, even those labelled as “natural” is filtered and pasteurized or treated with heat to slow down the process of crystallisation so that they remain smooth and presentable on the shelves. (Ironically, sparkling and speckle-free honey is somewhat perceived by consumers as good quality honey.)

Unpasteurized honey is now mostly directly purchased from the local honey farms, which do not exist in places within easy reach for some consumers. Every country has its own regulations regarding the “pasteurized” labelling; for some countries, the term “unpasteurized” label on honey is prohibited, but you can find the label “raw” instead.

Since cream honey appears more concentrated, is it then better than liquid honey?

Form is not a factor in judging the nutritional value of honey. Cream honey, which is formed by allowing the honey to granulate at a controlled temperature of about 55 degree F., can be better in terms of convenience for some consumers who find it less messy to spread the honey over toast, biscuit, whereas liquid is better for drizzling over pancakes, waffles, etc and mixes easily with water or foods such as vegetable salads.

Finally, my favourite personal quote which sums up my sentiments regarding purity of honey:

“I believe the best labs can create synthetic liquids that look and taste like real honey and even have the same glucose-fructose molecular structure, but NEVER can they fake something that works the same as real honey for our health and well-being. Because the bees have added a MYSTERIOUS GOODNESS of their own that can never be comprehended by the most ingenious mind or counterfeited by the most advanced technology.” ~ Ruth Tan


http://www.benefits-of-honey.com/natural-honey.html 2014-08-28

Manuka honey has been found to heal many kinds of topical wounds!


(TRFW News) The history of honey has been around for years, going all the way back to the ancient of times. Modern archeologists have carefully removed Egyptian tombs have always found something interesting among the artifacts left behind: honey, still preserved even though it’s been thousands of years old. (1)
Honey could be the perfect food against spoilage.
There are a few other foods that stay indefinitely: salt, sugar, dried rice, to list a few. But there’s something different about honey. While you wouldn’t want to chow down on raw rice or salt straight up, it can be quite tempting to dip a spoon into honey and let your taste buds sing with glory. The best part is that they are mainly medicinal, which makes it extra special.
Honey never spoils. It is supersaturated, making it consist of mainly sugar, in which it contains very little water in its natural state and can easily suck in moisture if sealed properly. Very few bacteria and microorganisms can survive in this kind of environment. Sugar also inhibits the growth of yeast and other fungal spores. (2)
Honey is also extremely acidic. Amina Harris, executive director of the Honey and Pollination Center at the Robert Mondavi Institute at University of California, tells us that, “It has a pH that falls between 3 and 4.5, approximately, and that acid will kill off most anything that wants to grow there.”
Honey is also naturally extremely acidic. “It has a pH that falls between 3 and 4.5, approximately, and that acid will kill off almost anything that wants to grow there,” Harris explains. (3)
Using the right kind of honey can naturally speed up healing of your wounds.
Manuka honey is the answer. The type and quality of honey must be taken into consideration. There is a major difference between raw honey (especially manuka) versus the highly processed type of honey. Processed honey tends to include fructose corn syrup and is likely to increase infection and should never use as a topical agent. (4)
Manuka honey has hydrogen peroxide and that gives off the antibiotic and antibacterial qualities. The main medical use for manuka honey is on top of a wound, which is used to treat minor wounds and burns. (5)
Research has backed up the healing properties of manuka honey.
Scientific American have reported, “In lab tests, just a bit of honey (manuka) killed off the majority of bacterial cells — and cut down dramatically on the stubborn biofilms they formed. It could also be used to prevent wounds from becoming infected in the first place.” (6)
According to the authors of another study, “These findings indicate that manuka honey has potential in the topical treatment of wounds containing S. pyogenes.” (7)
Interestingly, in a 1992 study, researchers have found that manuka honey have sped up the healing of women that had caesarean sections. (8)
The above information seems to provide all the more reasons why you should add manuka honey to your first aid kit!

New Zealand distiller releases Manuka smoked whisky

Thomson Whisky’s head distiller, Mathew Thomhead-distiller_Mathew-Thomson_300son.
New Zealand whisky distiller, Thomson Whisky has released what is believed to be the world’s first single malt, Manuka Smoked whisky.
The single malt is made from barley grown in New Zealand’s South Island and kilned using New Zealand Manuka wood. The product imparts a smooth natural smokiness reminiscent of peated Scotch whisky, yet entirely unique to New Zealand with its distinct Manuka notes.
Craft brewing supplier, Gladfield Malt of Canterbury is working closely with Thomson Whisky’s head distiller, Mathew Thomson to perfect the spirit, and has designed and engineered a custom smoker to impart the best Manuka and smoke flavours into the finished malt.
“A very good measure of passion and innovation has gone into this whisky and we’re excited about the possibilities that can result from it,” says Thomson.
“As one of only a handful of commercial whisky distilleries in New Zealand, Thomson is proud to be producing an original and world first whisky in our home country.”
The distilling of the unique spirit is taking place at Thomson Whisky Distillery, based at Hallertau Brewery in North West Auckland, where the brand is laying down barrels of single malt for maturation using a traditional copper pot still.
The craft distillery was launched in April this year to support future demand for the company’s single malt whisky. The brand won Gold and Double Gold at the San Francisco World Spirits Competition 2014 for its 21 year old and 18 year old single malt bottlings.
Thomson Manuka smoked whisky will mature in ex-bourbon barrels for three to five years adding to its depth of flavour, and will be available once matured.
19 August, 2014 Aoife Boothroyd 0 comments

Editorial: The sooner the sweeter for manuka guidelines

Clear and accurate labelling essential to protect this $150 million a year industry

The manuka honey industry is worth $150 million a year. Photo / Doug Sherring
The Ministry of Primary Industries says guidelines for the labelling of manuka honey are expected to be issued this month. They cannot come a moment too soon.
Overseas, there has been increasing condemnation of the selling of bogus manuka honey. This week, it reached a new level with the publication of an article headlined “The Great Manuka Honey Swindle” in Britain’s The Grocer magazine. If nothing is done to counter this criticism, overseas consumers will surely shy away from a product that speaks eloquently of New Zealand’s clean green image.
Already, the industry is worth $150 million a year. Endorsement of its healing qualities by the likes of Novak Djokovic, Katherine Jenkins and Scarlett Johansson has given it an international cachet. People are willing to pay substantial sums for its unique anti-bacterial properties, its rarity, and this country’s credentials. But that bright picture has been sullied by producers who, through misleading labelling, are passing their honey off as manuka.
Laboratory testing in Britain, Singapore and China has revealed the full extent of the counterfeiting.
The Unique Manuka Factor Honey Association has campaigned for some time for clear and accurate labelling of the product. This has now become essential to uphold the integrity of the product and to ensure that reputable producers do not pay a heavy price for the activities of unscrupulous operators. As much was, in fact, evident almost a year ago when Britain’s Food Standards Agency issued a warning about manuka honey.
The Government must waste no further time before stepping in.
– NZ Herald 8:11 AM Saturday Jul 5, 2014